Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): 3 Things to know about, Types, Causes, and Treatments
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder affecting women of reproductive age. PCOS can cause a wide range of symptoms, and the causes are not yet fully understood. However, there are many effective treatments available, and with the right care and support, most women with PCOS can manage their symptoms and lead healthy lives. This post will provide an overview of PCOS, including its different types, possible causes, and treatment options. We hope this information will be helpful to anyone affected by PCOS.
There are three types of PCOS:
- Polycystic ovary syndrome type I, which is the most common form and is characterized by menstrual irregularities, hirsutism, and ovarian cysts.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome type II, which is less common and is characterized by insulin resistance and obesity.
- Non-classical polycystic ovary syndrome, which accounts for about 10% of all cases of PCOS and is marked by hyperandrogenism but normal menstrual cycles.
Causes of Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS):
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a problem with the way your body makes hormones. Women with PCOS often have problems with their periods, fertility, and weight.
The cause of PCOS is unknown. But it seems to be partly caused by genes you inherit from your parents. PCOS also may be caused by problems with the way your body uses insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body turn sugar into energy. Women with PCOS make too much of a male hormone called androgen. This may cause symptoms such as acne, extra hair on the face or body, or thinning hair on the head.
PCOS is a complex disorder that requires management by a team of specialists. The goal of treatment is to restore hormone balance, improve ovulation, and reduce the risk of complications. Although the cause of PCOS is unknown, it is thought to be related to abnormal hormone levels in the body.
There is no one “cure” for polycystic ovary syndrome. Treatment options are tailored to the individual and may include lifestyle changes, medications, or surgery. Treatment options include:
- Lifestyle changes: A healthy diet and regular exercise may help improve PCOS symptoms.
- Medications: Oral contraceptives (birth control pills), metformin, and clomiphene are all medications that may be prescribed to treat PCOS.
- Surgery: If fertility is not desired, surgery may be recommended to.
Do you have polycystic ovarian syndrome?
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